Coleus is a super attractive ornamental shrub or herb. This species can grow with tuberous rootstocks as well as a succulent sometimes. Native to tropical and subtropical areas it belongs to the Lamiaceae family.
Coleus is an annual perennial that thrives best when cultivated as houseplants. You need to provide a moist growing medium, enough light, on-time pruning, consistent watering, and humid temperature along with monthly fertilization to hold the vigorous form of a growing coleus plant.
However, these are not the only requirements you have to supply to a growing coleus shrub. There are the other fundamental segments you should look after to grow a fully thriving coleus plant in your house, and these are as follows-
How to Make Coleus Bushy?
Coleus is an eye-catchy decorative plant with big variegated foliage. This plant seems pretty with an eternal bushy form. Like any other ornamental shrub, coleus also appears striking with more and more leaves.
So, let’s find out how you can encourage your growing plant to produce more shoots, stems, and leaves rapidly to turn bushier in the shortest period-
- Pruning is the best and most effective way to encourage new shoots to emerge
- Trim your plant once a week or twice a month, after it reaches a mature form
- And pinch the tip off every time after pruning the old stems and leaves out of your plant
Take Care of Fertilization:
- Feed your plant weekly during the peak growing months
- Use any commercial fertilizer in liquid dilute form
- Keep the nitrogen content always high in your chosen fertilizer
Provide Enough Light:
- Coleus plant can’t stand the full sun or direct sunlight
- So, place your plant where it can get bright but indirect light
- You can put your pot in a full shade area though, but make sure it has at least some amount of light per week
Choose a Good Potting Mix/Soil:
- To get the best thriving form of your plant, you must offer it a good growing medium
- So, always pick soil that is fully fertile and can drain very well
- Make sure your soil has a slightly acidic pH level to provide the best effect on the roots
- Coleus plants are not drought-tolerant thus, you must keep them averagely moist
- Keep the soil continently moist but never soggy but watering 1-inch per week
- Always use distilled water and let the soil get dry between watering
Offering The Right Climate:
- You must provide this plant with a cool to a mediumly warm climate to thrive
- Make sure the temperature level stays between 50° to 70° F
- And keep the humidity level of the room always high during the entire growing session
- Finally, propagate from the main trunk of a growing coleus plant often
- This way you can give you’re a consistent pruning session and reuse the trimmed branches well
- You can also propagate multiple trimmed stems at a single planter to give them an artificial bushy form
Also read: Why coleus is losing leaves?
Why is My Coleus Losing Color?
This bantam plant produces bold and multicolored foliage with a mild fragrance. Its leaves grow with various vibrant colors including red, pink, yellow, green, maroon, etc.
The foliage of the coleus plant thrives with a bright center color that might be emphasized with lightly tinted edges. But, sometimes a little negligence in their daily routine can bring a dull and colorless condition to your variegated plant. Fortunately, we have some effective solutions to such problems and they are like-
Reasons for losing color:
- Over sun exposure indicates you may put your planter in a sunny spot with full sun exposure
- Drought stress means you may keep your plant underwatered for more than two to three weeks
- Overwatering means you must water your plant too frequently without letting the soil dry enough or allowing the soil to turn soggy
- Temperature issue, it prefers that you don’t place your plant in a room with a stable mediumly warm temperature or the temperature of the room is too cool or too high
- Poor soil means you pick heavily rich or clay-based or high alkaline soil with a poor drainage system for the plantation
- Wrong fertilization like when you feed your plant unnecessarily or don’t fertilize it at all for a longer period
How to fix:
- Provide your plant bright but indirect light and make sure it can have 6-7 hours of light daily
- Never keep your plant underwatered for long or let the soil completely dry ever
- Always use potting mix and pot with good draining systems and stop watering more than once a week
- Never let your plant get exposed to a temperature that is higher than 75° F or lower than 40° F
- Pick a potting mix that is moderately fertile, balanced, and with proper pH balance
- Always feed your plant with a liquid dilute the fertilizer and water the plant before the fertilization
Also Read: Best plants for hanging pots
How To Make My Coleus Grow Faster and Bigger?
Letting your plant grow naturally is undoubtedly a smart idea but, what if you can stimulate its natural growth rate affectedly? Well, fortunately, some effective ways work optimally to give your plant a bigger and fuller form in the fastest way. Here we refer to the best tricks in this attempt-
Offer Your Plant Perfect Sunlight:
- Offering your plant, a perfect amount of sunlight means providing them the right amount of light every day
- Remember that 5-6 hours of bright light in a normal season and 2-3 hours of light in winter is enough to keep a coleus plant healthy
Fertilize Them Regularly:
- Feed your plant every 23-25 days during the growing season with a high-nitrogen fertilizer
- To keep the dilute form ideal, mix a spoonful of fertilizer in a 19-19-19 NPK ratio in a mug of clear water and apply it at the base of your plant
Keep Debris Free:
- Keep the base and around of your plant weeds free or dead foliage free
- Try to prune your plant once a week during the heavy growing months to keep it well organized
Protect From Insects:
- Spider mites, mealybugs, whiteflies, aphids, etc. are some common insects you can around your plant
- Try to give your plant a good rinse with homemade insecticide solution once a month
- Keep your plant consistently moist but soggy ever by watering only 1-inch depth per week
- Let the excess water drain at the bottom and the soil at least 40% dry between watering
So, these are the best possible ways to get the best thriving form out of your plant in the quickest manner.
Also read: Plants with variegated leaves
FAQ: Why is My Coleus Dying?
The most typical reason for a dying coleus plant is root rot due to a poor draining system. You should keep the root healthy through a properly draining growing medium.
What is the Main cause of Stunt Growth in a Coleus Plant?
Not-treated pests and diseases are probably the most common cause of the stunted growth of a coleus plant. if you don’t want to face this biggest fear of a growing coleus plant, keep it protected from any kind of diseases or insect infestations.